Native American college students, including Alaskan Native students, Native Hawaiian students, and those in federally recognized tribes, are a small but important group of students in higher institutions. Native Americans comprise only 1% of the United States' undergraduate population and less than 1% of the graduate population. Because Native American students make up such a small percentage, their specific needs often go unnoticed. To provide every student with equal access to higher education, it is crucial that Native American undergraduate and graduate students get the support that they need to pursue post-secondary education.
Many Native Americans choose to attend Tribal Colleges and Universities (TCU). These schools, mainly in the Midwest and Southwest, provide ample resources and community to Native Americans. In 2016, 78% of all students at Tribal Colleges and Universities were Native American. There are 32 fully accredited Tribal Colleges and Universities (TCUs) in the United States.